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現代世界の英語−福祉 (1)

 

福祉
welfare
welfare: help given, especially by the state or an organization, to people who need it, especially because they do not have enough money - CALD
Most of the people in this neighborhood are on welfare. - LDCE
on welfare
「福祉援助[生活保護]を受けて」

福祉国家
welfare state
welfare state: 1. a system in which the government provides money, free medical care etc for people who are unemployed, ill, or too old to work 2. a country with such a system - LDCE
1.「社会保障制度」⇒2.「社会保障制度の整った国=福祉国家」

社会福祉 social welfare
老人福祉 old(er) people's welfare
児童福祉 child welfare
地方福祉 regional welfare
福祉社会 welfare society
福祉予算 social welfare budget [expenses, outlays]
福祉施設 welfare facilities [institutions]
福祉事務所 welfare office

社会保障
social security
social security: a system of payments made by the government to people who are ill, poor or who have no job - CALD
He's on social security. - CALD
be [live] on social security
「社会保障を受けている」

社会保障番号
social security number, SSN

社会保障給付
social security benefits
benefit: money provided by the government to people who are sick, unemployed, or have little money - LDCE
I'm on benefit at the moment. - CALD / those people eligible to claim benefit - LDCE

社会保障拠出
social security contribution
contribution: a regular payment that you make to your employer or to the government to pay for things that you will receive when you are no longer working, for example health care, a pension etc - LDCE
Have you been making regular contributions to a pension plan? - LDCE

社会保険
social insurance
insurance: an agreement in which you pay a company money and they pay your costs if you have an accident, injury, etc - CALD

健康保険制度
health insurance system
health insurance: when you make regular payments to an insurance company in exchange for that company paying most or all of your medical expenses - CALD