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現代世界の英語−環境 (1)

 

環境
environment
environment: the air, water, and land on Earth, which can be harmed by man's activities - LDCE

環境にやさしい
environment(ally)-friendly, eco-friendly
environment(ally)-friendly: products that are environmentally friendly do not harm the environment when they are made or when you use them - LDCE

環境保全
environmental preservation
preservation < preserve: to save something or someone from being harmed or destroyed - LDCE

環境保全主義者
environmentalist, environmental preservationist
environmentalist: a person who is interested in or studies the environment and who tries to protect it from being damaged by human activities - CALD

環境アセスメント
environmental-impact assessment
assessment: a process in which you make a judgment about a person or situation, or the judgment you make - LDCE

生態学
ecology
ecology: the relationships between the air, land, water, animals, plants, etc., usually of a particular area, or the scientific study of this - CALD

生態系
ecosystem
ecosystem: all the animals and plants in a particular area, and the way in which they are related to each other and to their environment - LDCE

食物連鎖
food chain
food chain : all animals and plants considered as a group in which a plant is eaten by an insect or animal, which is then eaten by another animal and so on - LDCE

絶滅種・絶滅危惧種
extinct and threatened [endangered] species
extinct: not now existing - CALD
species: a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other - CALD

threatened は「絶滅の危機に瀕している」、endangeredthreatened よりも深刻で「絶滅寸前の」という意味。