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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−環境 (3)

 

公害防止条例
pollution control [prevention] ordinance
ordinance: a law, usually of a city or town, that forbids or restricts an activity - LDCE

風害
wind damage [hazard]
hazard: something that is dangerous and likely to cause damage - CALD
煙害 smoke damage [hazard]

光化学スモッグ
photochemical smog
photochemical smog: a fog caused by light from the sun shining on chemicals in the air produced by traffic and industry - CALD
光化学オキシダント photochemical oxidant

排気ガス
exhaust, emission
exhaust: the gas produced when an engine is working - LDCE
emission: a gas or other substance that is sent into the air - LDCE

排ガス規制
exhaust [emission] control [restrictions, regulations]
restriction: a rule or law that limits or controls what people can do - LDCE
regulation: an official rule or the act of controlling - CALD

低公害車
low-emission vehicle, LEV
vehicle: a machine usually with wheels and an engine, which is used for transporting people or goods on land, particularly on roads - CALD

ばい煙
soot and smoke
soot: a black powder made mainly of carbon which is produced when coal, wood, etc. is burnt - CALD

浮遊粒子状物質
suspended particulate matter, SPM
suspended: if something is suspended in a liquid or in air, it floats in it without moving - LDCE
particulate: an extremely small piece of dirt, especially one produced by road vehicles, which causes serious pollution - CALD

有害大気汚染物質
hazardous air pollutant, HAP
pollutant: a substance that makes air, water, soil etc dangerously dirty, and is caused by cars, factories etc - LDCE