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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−気象 (1)

 

気象
weather
weather: the conditions in the air above the Earth such as wind, rain or temperature, especially at a particular time over a particular area - CALD

異常気象
abnormal [extreme, unusual] weather
abnormal: very different from usual in a way that seems strange, worrying, wrong, or dangerous - LDCE
extreme: very unusual and severe or serious - LDCE

気候変動
climate change

気象現象
weather phenomenon
phenomenon: something that happens or exists in society, science, or nature, especially something that is studied because it is difficult to understand - LDCE

気象学
meteorology
meteorology: the scientific study of the processes that cause particular weather conditions - CALD

気象観測
weather [meteorological] observation
meteorological: relating to weather conditions - CALD
observation: the process of watching something or someone carefully for a period of time - LDCE

定点観測
fixed-point observation, ocean weather ship observation
定点観測船 weather station ship, ocean weather ship (OWS), ocean station vessel (OSV)
vessel: a ship or large boat - LDCE

気象レーダー
weather [meteorological] radar

気象衛星
weather [meteorological] satellite
satellite: an artificial object sent up into space to travel round the earth, used for collecting information or communicating by radio, television, etc - CALD