英会話学校/英会話スクール 英語学校/教室 東京新宿

英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−気象 (4)

 

不快指数
discomfort index (DI), temperature-humidity index (THI)
discomfort: a feeling of being uncomfortable physically or mentally, or something that causes this - CALD
index: a system of numbers used for comparing values of things which vary against each other or against a fixed standard - CALD
temperature: a measure of how hot or cold a place or thing is - LDCE
humidity: the amount of water contained in the air - LDCE

天気予報
weather forecast [forecasting], weather report
weather forecast: a statement of what the weather is likely to be for the next day or few days, usually broadcast on television or radio or printed in a newspaper - CALD
天気予報ビジネス weather forecasting business

天気予報官
weather forecaster
weather forecaster: someone who scientifically studies weather conditions and says what the weather is likely to be in the future - CALD

気象予報士
certificated weather forecaster
certificated: having successfully completed a training for a profession - LDCE

雨量
rainfall, precipitation
rainfall: the amount of rain that falls on an area in a particular period of time - LDCE
precipitation: rain, snow etc that falls on the ground, or the amount of rain, snow etc that falls - LDCE
The city has received only half its average rainfall of four inches. - LDCE
The forecast is for dry, cloudy weather with no precipitation expected. - CALD

雨の確率
chance [probability] of rain [precipitation]
probability: how likely something is, sometimes calculated in a mathematical way - LDCE

水不足
water shortage
shortage: a situation in which there is not enough of something that people need - LDCE
The long hot summer has led to serious water shortages. - CALD

干ばつ
drought
drought: a long period of dry weather when there is not enough water for plants and animals to live - LDCE
This year (a) severe drought has ruined the crops. - CALD