英会話学校/英会話スクール 英語学校/教室 東京新宿

英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−経済 (5)

 

世界経済
the world economy
国民経済 national economy

地域経済
bloc [regional] economy
bloc: a large group of people or countries with the same political aims, working together - LDCE
The European Union is a powerful trading/trade bloc. - CALD

国内総生産
gross domestic product, GDP
GDP: the total value of all goods and services produced in a country, in one year, except for income received from abroad - LDCE
gross: a gross sum of money is the total amount before any tax or costs have been taken away - LDCE
If the GDP continues to shrink, the country will be in a recession. - CALD

国民総生産
gross national product, GNP
GNP: the total value of goods and services produced by a country in one year, including profits made in foreign countries - CALD

純国民生産
net national product, NNP
net: the net amount is the final amount that remains after all the other amounts have been taken away - LDCE

国民総所得
gross national income, GNI
income: the money that you earn from your work or that you receive from investments, the government etc - LDCE
Average incomes have risen by 4.5% over the past year. - CALD

国民総支出
gross national expenditure, GNE
expenditure: the total amount of money that a government, organization, or person spends during a particular period of time - LDCE
The government's annual expenditure on arms has been reduced. - CALD

個人消費
personal consumption, consumer spending
consumption: the act of buying and using products - LDCE
consumer: someone who buys and uses products and services - LDCE
Consumer spending was down by 0.1% last month. - LDCE

消費支出
consumer spending, consumption expenditure