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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−気象 (7)

 

台風
typhoon
typhoon: a violent wind which has a circular movement, found in the West Pacific Ocean - CALD
The 169 000-ton vessel went down during a typhoon in the South China Sea. - CALD

ハリケーン
hurricane
hurricane: a violent wind which has a circular movement, especially found in the West Atlantic Ocean - CALD
The state of Florida was hit by a hurricane that did serious damage. - CALD

サイクロン
cyclone
cyclone: a violent tropical storm or wind in which the air moves very fast in a circular direction - CALD

最高気温
the maximum [highest] temperature
maximum: the maximum amount, quantity, speed etc is the largest that is possible or allowed - LDCE
The temperature will reach a maximum of 27°C today. - CALD

最低気温
the minimum [the lowest] temperature
minimum: the minimum number, degree, or amount of something is the smallest or least that is possible, allowed, or needed - LDCE
最高、最低気温(天気予報) highs and lows
Highs of 40°C were recorded in the region last summer. - LDCE

平均気温
average temperature

氷点下、零下
sub-zero, below zero, below freezing (point)
sub-zero: below zero in temperature - LDCE

温度計、寒暖計
thermometer, mercury
thermometer: a device used for measuring temperature, especially of the air or in a person's body - CALD
The thermometer registered over 100°C. - LDCE