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現代世界の英語−食品 (4)

 

遺伝子組み換え食品[作物]
genetically modified foods [crops], GM foods [crops]
genetically modified foods: genetically modified foods or plants have had their genetic structure changed so that they are not affected by particular diseases or harmful insects - LDCE
遺伝子組み換え生物 genetically modified organism, GMO
organism: an animal, plant, human, or any other living thing - LDCE

食料自給率
food self-sufficiency rate
self-sufficiency < self-sufficient: able to provide everything you need, especially food, for yourself without the help of other people - CALD
The program aims to make the country self-sufficient in food production and to cut energy imports. - CALD

食糧庁
Food Agency

食糧管理法、食管法
Foodstuff Control Law
foodstuff: any substance that is used as food or to make food - CALD
They lack basic foodstuffs, such as bread and milk. - CALD

新食糧管理法、新食糧法
New Staple Food Law
staple: basic or main; standard or regular - CALD
Prices of staple foods such as wheat and vegetables have also been increasing. - CALD

正式名 the Law for Stabilization of Supply-Demand and Price of Staple Food

農政審議会
Agricultural Policy Council
agricultural < agriculture: the practice or science of farming - LDCE

米価審議会
Rice Price Council
council: a group of people that are chosen to make rules, laws, or decisions, or to give advice - LDCE
政府[公定]米価 the official price of rice
生産者米価 producer price of rice
消費者米価 consumer price of rice

自主流通米
free-market rice

作況指数
crop situation index, rice crop index

減反
rice acreage reduction
acreage: the area of a piece of land measured in acres - LDCE

ウルグアイ・ラウンド協定
the Uruguay Round Agreement