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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−政治 (4)

 

与党
ruling party
ruling: being in control and making all the decisions - CALD
party: an organization of people with particular political beliefs which competes in elections to try to win positions in local or national government - CALD
There were many people in the ruling party who were unhappy with his policies. - LDCE

連立与党 ruling coalition (parties)

閣外協力
non-cabinet ally
ally: someone who helps and supports you when other people are trying to oppose you - LDCE
He is generally considered to be the Prime Minister's closest political ally. - CALD

野党
opposition (party)
opposition: in some countries such as Britain, the main political party in the parliament that is not part of the government - LDCE
The Opposition has/have condemned the Government's proposed tax increases. - CALD

多数党
majority party
majority: most of the people or things in a group - LDCE
安定多数 stable majority
絶対多数 absolute majority
absolute majority: when a party or person wins more than half of the total votes in an election - LDCE
The party won an absolute majority in Portugal in 1987. - LDCE

多数決主義
majority rule
majority rule: a system of government in which every person in a country has the right to vote and the group which wins the most votes has power - LDCE
It took many years of struggle to establish majority rule in South Africa. - LDCE

体制
the establishment, the (political) system
the establishment: the group of people in a society or profession who have a lot of power and influence and are often opposed to any kind of change or new ideas - LDCE
the system: the official rules and powerful organizations that restrict what you can do - LDCE Young people are supposed to rebel against the Establishment. - LDCE

クーデター
coup
coup: a sudden and sometimes violent attempt by citizens or the army to take control of the government - LDCE
Haiti's first elected president was deposed in a violent military coup. - LDCE

軍事政府[政権]
junta
junta: a government, especially a military one, that has taken power in a country by force and not by election - CALD
The military junta has/have today broadcast an appeal for calm. - CALD