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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−気象 (8)

 

フェーン現象
foehn phenomenon

熱波、猛暑
heat wave
heat wave: a period of unusually hot weather, especially one that continues for a long time - LDCE

寒波
cold wave [spell]
cold spell: a period of several days or weeks when the weather is much colder than usual - LDCE

地震
earthquake, temblor, tremor
earthquake: a sudden shaking of the earth's surface that often causes a lot of damage - LDCE
temblor = earthquake
tremor: a small earthquake in which the ground shakes slightly - LDCE
An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale struck southern California on June 28. - LDCE
The tremor was centered just south of San Francisco and was felt as far as 200 miles away. - CALD

地震学
seismology
seismology: the scientific study of earthquakes - LDCE
地震学者 seismologist

直下型地震
epicentral earthquake
epicentral < epicenter: the place on the surface of the Earth that is right above the point where an earthquake begins inside the Earth - LDCE

海底地震
submarine earthquake
submarine: existing below the surface of the sea - CALD

火山地震
volcanic earthquake
volcanic < volcano: a mountain with a large circular hole at the top through which lava (= hot liquid rock), gases, steam and dust are or have been forced out - CALD

群発地震
a series of earthquakes, earthquake swarm
swarm: a large group of insects all moving together - CALD