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現代世界の英語−食品 (6)

 

たんぱく質
protein
protein: one of several natural substances that exist in food such as meat, eggs, and beans, and which your body needs in order to grow and remain strong and healthy - LDCE

脂質
lipid, lipide
lipid: one of several types of fatty substances in living things, such as fat, oil, or wax - LDCE

炭水化物
carbohydrates
carbohydrate: a substance that is in foods such as sugar, bread, potatoes, which provides your body with heat and energy and which consists of oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon - LDCE

無機質
minerals
mineral: a natural substance such as iron that is present in some foods and is important for good health - LDCE
A healthy diet should supply all necessary vitamins and minerals. - CALD

ビタミン
vitamins
vitamin: any of a group of natural substances which are necessary in small amounts for the growth and good health of the body - CALD
Try to eat foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals. - LDCE

脂肪酸
fatty acid
fatty acid: an acid that the cells in your body need to use food effectively - LDCE

コレステロール
cholesterol
a fatty substance that is found in the body tissue and blood of all animals, and which is thought to be part of the cause of heart disease if there is too much of it - CALD
an oil which is high in polyunsaturates and low in cholesterol - CALD
polyunsaturate
「ポリ不飽和脂肪(酸)」

善玉コレステロール
good cholesterol
good cholesterol: a type of cholesterol that carries bad cholesterol away from your arteries (artery) and back to your liver, helping to protect you against heart disease - LDCE

悪玉コレステロール
bad cholesterol
bad cholesterol: a type of cholesterol that can gradually turn into a hard substance which can stop your blood flowing properly and can eventually cause heart disease - LDCE