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現代世界の英語−政治 (7)

 

国会議員
Diet member
二世議員、世襲議員 second-generation politician, hereditary Diet member
hereditary: a hereditary position, rank, or title can be passed from an older to a younger person in the same family, usually when the older one dies - LDCE

定足数
quorum
quorum: the smallest number of people needed to be present at a meeting before it can officially begin and before official decisions can be taken - CALD

不逮捕特権
immunity from arrest
immunity: the state or right of being protected from particular laws or from unpleasant things - LDCE
They were granted immunity from prosecution. - LDCE

国政調査権
the right of the Diet [Diet members] to investigate state affairs
investigate: to try to find out the truth about or the cause of something such as a crime, accident, or scientific problem - LDCE

証人
sworn witness
witness: someone who sees a crime or an accident and can describe what happened - LDCE
sworn statement / testimony etc: a statement etc that someone makes after officially promising to tell the truth - LDCE
Police are appealing for witnesses to the accident to come forward. - CALD

証人喚問
summoning of sworn witness
summon: to order someone to come to or be present at a particular place, or to officially arrange a meeting of people - CALD
He was summoned to attend an emergency meeting. - LDCE

参考人
unsworn witness, expert witness
expert witness: someone with special knowledge about a subject who is asked to give their opinion about something relating to that subject in a court of law - LDCE
He appeared as an expert witness before several government inquiries. - LDCE

参考人招致
summoning of unsworn witnesses

施政方針演説
policy speech [address]
address: a formal speech that someone makes to a group of people - LDCE
The new President delivered his inaugural address in Creole. - LDCE