英会話学校/英会話スクール 英語学校/教室 東京新宿

英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−経済 (11)

 

輸出競争
export competition
competition: a situation in which people or organizations try to be more successful than other people or organizations - LDCE

輸出奨励策
export promotion measures
promotion: the activity of helping something to develop or increase - LDCE
輸出奨励金[補助金] export subsidy

政府開発援助
official development assistance, ODA

技術輸出 technology export
技術移転 technology transfer
transfer: the process by which someone or something moves or is moved from one place, job etc to another - LDCE

集中輸出
concentrated exports

ダンピング
dumping
dumping < dump: to sell unwanted goods very cheaply, usually in other countries - CALD
They accused the West of dumping out-of-date medicines on Third World countries. - CALD

制裁措置
sanctions, punitive measures
sanction: an official order, such as the stopping of trade, which is taken against a country in order to make it obey international law - CALD
measures: an action, especially an official one, that is intended to deal with a particular problem - LDCE
Many nations have imposed sanctions on the country because of its attacks on its own people. - CALD

貿易の決済
trade settlement
settlement: when you pay all the money that you owe - LDCE

円建て
yen-denominated
denominate: to officially set the value of something according to one system or type of money - LDCE