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現代世界の英語−食品 (7)

 

食物繊維
dietary fiber
fiber: the parts of plants that you eat but cannot digest. Fiber helps to keep you healthy by moving food quickly through your body - LDCE
You should eat more dietary fibre to reduce the risk of bowel cancer. - CALD

乳酸
lactic acid
lactic acid: an acid that exists in old sour milk and is produced in muscles after a lot of exercise - CALD

新陳代謝
metabolism
metabolism: the chemical processes by which food is changed into energy in your body - LDCE
Exercise is supposed to speed up your metabolism. - CALD

メタボリック・シンドローム、内臓脂肪症候群
metabolic syndrome
metabolic syndrome: a combination of medical conditions, including high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol in the body, that increase someone's risk of getting heart disease or having a heart attack - LDCE

食物アレルギー
food allergy
allergy: a medical condition in which you become ill or in which your skin becomes red and painful because you have eaten or touched a particular substance - LDCE

食事療法学
dietetics
dietetics: the science that is concerned with what people eat and drink and how this affects their health - LDCE

菜食主義者
vegetarian, vegan, veggie
vegetarian: a person who does not eat meat for health or religious reasons or because they want to avoid cruelty to animals - CALD
vegan: a person who does not eat or use any animal products, such as meat, fish, eggs, cheese or leather - CALD
Of the four million people who have become vegetarians in Britain, nearly two-thirds are women. - CALD
vegan
は卵・チーズ・牛乳などもとらない「完全菜食主義者」をいいます。

ダイエット食品
dietetic foods, diet food
dietetic: adapted for use in special diets - Webster Collegiate Dictionary
dietetic foods
は食事療法のための食品、diet food は療養者でない人が減量目的で食べる食品を指します。