英会話学校/英会話スクール 英語学校/教室 東京新宿

英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−海洋 (2)

 

沿岸国
coastal country

内陸国
landlocked country
landlocked: a landlocked country, state etc is surrounded by other countries, states etc and has no coast - LDCE

公海
high [open] seas
the high seas: the areas of ocean around the world that do not belong to any particular country - LDCE

領海
territorial waters
territorial waters: the area of sea near a country's coast and under its legal control - CALD

海里
nautical mile
nautical mile: a unit for measuring distance at sea, equal to about 1.15 miles or 1852 meters - LDCE

領海紛争
territorial dispute
territorial < territory: (an area of) land or sometimes sea, which is considered as belonging to or connected with a particular country or person - CALD

領海侵犯
intrusion into territorial waters, violation of territorial waters
intrusion < intrude: to go into a place or situation in which you are not wanted or not expected to be - CALD
violation < violate: to break or act against something, especially a law, agreement, principle or something that should be treated with respect - CALD

国連海洋法条約
the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, UNCLOS

航行の自由
freedom of navigation [passage]
navigation: the act of directing a ship, aircraft, etc. from one place to another, or the science of finding a way from one place to another - CALD
In the past, navigation depended on a knowledge of the positions of the stars. - CALD