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現代世界の英語−経済 (12)

 

物価
(commodity) prices
commodity: a product that is bought and sold - LDCE
Commodity prices fell sharply. - LDCE

物価水準 price level
物価指数 price index
物価状況 price situation
物価動向 price movement [trend]

企業物価指数
corporate goods price index, CGPI

卸売物価指数
wholesale price index, WPI
wholesale: of or for the selling of goods in large amounts at low prices to shops and businesses, rather than the selling of goods in shops to customers - CALD
卸売物価 wholesale prices

消費者物価指数
consumer price index, CPI
consumer price index: a list of the prices of products that shows how much prices have increased during a particular period of time - LDCE
消費者物価 consumer prices

物価上昇
price rise [increase], inflation
物価上昇率 price increase [inflation] rate

物価暴騰
price spurt, galloping [skyrocketing, soaring] prices
spurt (v): to increase or grow very quickly, or to suddenly increase by a particular amount - CALD
galloping: increasing or developing at a very fast and often uncontrollable rate - CALD
skyrocket: if a price or an amount skyrockets, it greatly increases very quickly - LDCE
soar: to increase quickly to a high level - LDCE
Shares of the jewellery-store chain spurted $6. - CALD
galloping inflation of 20 to 30% - LDCE
Housing prices have skyrocketed in recent months. - CALD
The price of petrol has soared in recent weeks. - LDCE

物価下降
price fall [decline, decrease], deflation
decline: a decrease in the quality, quantity, or importance of something - LDCE

物価暴落
price tumble [plunge, nose-dive, plummeting]
tumble:(v): if prices or figures tumble, they go down suddenly and by a large amount - LDCE
plunge: a sudden large decrease in the price, value etc of something - LDCE
nosedive: a sudden very large fall in the price, value, or condition of something - LDCE
plummet: to suddenly and quickly decrease in value or amount - LDCE
It's possible that stocks could take a tumble next year. - LDCE
a dramatic plunge in house prices - LDCE
The pound took a nosedive on the foreign exchange market today. - LDCE
House prices have plummeted in recent months. - CALD