英会話学校/英会話スクール 英語学校/教室 東京新宿

英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−経済 (14)

 

内外価格差
gap between domestic and foreign prices
domestic: relating to or happening in one particular country and not involving any other countries - LDCE

価格競争力
price competitiveness
competitiveness: the ability of a company, country, or a product to compete with others - LDCE
New machinery has enhanced the company's productivity and competitiveness. - LDCE

価格破壊
price busting, price slashing
bust: to break something - LDCE
slash: to greatly reduce an amount, price etc - used especially in newspapers and advertising - LDCE
Prices have been slashed by 50%! - CALD

価格統制
price control
price control: a system in which the government decides the prices of things - LDCE

価格凍結[据置]
price freeze
freeze: a time when people are not allowed to increase prices or pay - LDCE
The Government has imposed a wage freeze/a freeze on wage increases. - CALD

物価スライド制
indexation
indexation < index (v): to arrange for the level of wages, pensions etc to increase or decrease according to the level of price - LDCE
demands that wages be indexed to the rise in prices - LDCE

価格操作(価格つり上げ)
price fixing [rigging, manipulation]
price fixing: an agreement between producers and sellers of a product to set its price at a high level - LDCE
rig: if people rig prices or rig financial markets, they unfairly agree with each other the prices that will be charged - LDCE
manipulation < manipulate: to control something or someone to your advantage, often unfairly or dishonestly - CALD
Two of the largest oil companies have been accused of rigging prices. - LDCE
They have been accused of fraud and stock market manipulations. - CALD

価格支持
price support
price support: a system in which the government keeps the price of a product at a particular level by giving the producer money or buying the product itself - LDCE

価格管理 price management
価格調整 price adjustment