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英語・英会話の情報センター

現代世界の英語−経済 (13)

 

不況下の物価上昇
stagflation
stagflation: an economic situation in which there is inflation (=a continuing rise in prices) but many people do not have jobs and businesses are not doing well - LDCE

物価安定
price stability

デノミ(ネーション)
redenomination
denomination: the value shown on a coin, paper money, or a stamp - LDCE
It always takes time to get used to the different denominations of coins when you go to a foreign country. - CALD

日本語では、例えば100円を新1円とするなどの、貨幣単位の呼称変更のことを「デノミ(ネーション)」と言いますが、英語の denomination にはこの意味はありません。英語では redenomination と言います。

小売[消費者]価格
retail [consumer] price
retail: the sale of goods in shops to customers, for their own use and not for selling to anyone else - LDCE

希望小売価格
manufacturers' suggested retail price, MSRP
manufacturers: companies that produce manufactured goods - CALD

定価
list price
list price: the price at which the maker of something suggests it should be sold - CALD

市価
market price
market price: a price which is likely to be paid for something - CALD
They're asking £60 000 for their flat, but the market price is nearer £55 000. - CALD

再販価格
resale price
resale: the activity of selling goods that you have bought from someone else - LDCE

二重価格
two-tier [dual] prices
tier: one of several layers or levels - CALD
dual: having two of something or two parts - LDCE

独占価格
monopoly [monopolistic] price
monopoly: (an organization or group which has) complete control of something, especially an area of business, so that others have no share - CALD

価格先導制
price leadership
leadership: the position or fact of being the leader - CALD
R&M gained market leadership (= sold more goods than other companies) by selling products that were of superior quality. - CALD